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In most cases of narcolepsy, the special cells in the brain that produce hypocretin (orexin) die. Hypocretin is important for regulating the Sleep/Wake Cycle and cannot yet be safely replaced. Because of this, the only way to treat narcolepsy is to relieve the symptoms.

There are two types of symptoms:

  • Sleep/Wake Irregularities
  • REM Intrusion

There are three approaches to treatment:

By combining these approaches and balancing between treatments for Sleepiness and REM Intrusion, optimal control of symptoms can be reached. It is best to be under the care of a physician who is specially trained, Certified in Sleep Medicine, Board Certified in Neurology and experienced in treating narcolepsy.