In most cases of Narcolepsy the special cells in the brain that produce Hypocretin (Orexin) die. Hypocretin is important for regulating the Sleep/Wake Cycle and cannot yet be safely replaced. Because of this, the only way to treat Narcolepsy is to relieve the symptoms.
There are two types of symptoms:
- Sleep/Wake Irregularities
- REM Intrusion
There are three approaches to treatment:
By combining these approaches and balancing between treatments for Sleepiness and REM Intrusion, optimal control of symptoms can be reached. It is best to be under the care of a physician who is specially trained, Certified in Sleep Medicine, Board Certified in Neurology and experienced in treating Narcolepsy.